Metternich biographie. Metternich

CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Prince von Metternich

metternich biographie

The Revolution had destroyed one monarchy; now it had created another. When Napoleon's armies invaded Russia in 1812, Metternich ignored calls for help from Tsar Alexander I. Belatedly, Metternich involved Austria in the struggle against Napoleon, and in 1813 Napoleon was defeated at Leipzig, Germany, by the armies of Britain, Austria, Prussia, and Russia. In time the onset of winter forced the badly provisioned Napoleonic armies to attempt to travel across many hundreds of miles, in the early weeks of a Russian winter, whilst being harassed by the forces of the Tsar. Metternich sympathized with this aim, but he also wanted to discourage any Russian interest in expanding into Europe.

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Metternich biography Congress of Vienna diplomacy Napoleon

metternich biographie

Le prince de Metternich connut aussi des , notamment avec la , , la duchesse et les princesses Dorothée de Lieven et Catherine Skawronskaïa-Bagration dont il eut une fille reconnue par le mari de sa mère Marie-Clémentine 1810 — 1829. In 1810, Napoleon had been master of much of Europe, and Austria had been a virtual puppet of French foreign policy; five years later, Metternich had become a key leader in the coalition of countries which defeated the French emperor twice. The events of 1848-1849 arose from the strong emergence into the Socio-Politico-Economic History of nineteenth-century Europe of populist forces such as Liberalism, Constitutionalism, Nationalism and Socialism. In March 1812 Metternich won Napoleon's consent for the formation of a thirty thousand strong Austrian Auxiliary Corps that it was suggested would be supportive of Napoleon's Russian campaign. But by late 1812, the French army was not only in retreat, pounded by a severe Russian winter, but was being pursued by the Russian army into Germany.

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Metternich biography Congress of Vienna diplomacy Napoleon

metternich biographie

Throughout Prince Metternich's glittering and successful career he sought to free Europe from the forces unleashed by the French Revolution. All failed; but the continuing attacks on revolutionary France gave Napoleon a justification to invade much of the rest of Europe. He succeeded in creating a German Confederation under Austrian leadership and was broadly satisfied with the degree to which Austria was influential in the Italian peninsula. My email address is webmaster at newadvent. The real strength of the book lies in its coverage of the internal politics of the Habsburg Empire, Metternich's attempts to reorganize it, and the power struggles at its heart after the death of Emperor Francis I in 1835.

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Metternich

metternich biographie

Jonathan Sperber, The European Revolutions, 1848-1851, p. From the beginning, he was very clever, a genius and also possessed the ability and technique of talking. It is only on order that freedom can be based. He was in favour of close supervision of the universities and an ambitious system of censorship intended to discourage radicalism of any kind. Metternich served as an envoy to the Congress of Rastadt 1797-9 and then as the Habsburg's ambassador to Saxony 1801 , Prussia 1803 , and Napoleonic France 1806.

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Klemens von Metternich

metternich biographie

After an early education by a series of private tutors, Metternich chose to attend the university at Strasbourg, a city which at various times has been part of either France or Germany. Metternich married three times: in 1795 Maria Eleonora, granddaughter of Princess Kaunitz, by whom he had seven children; in 1827 Maria Antonia, Baroness von Leykam, by whom he had a son, Richard Klemens; and in 1831 Countess Melanie Zichy, by whom he had three children. He died in 1859 but it is said about him that: between 1815 and 1848 central Europe was dominated by a single personality, Prince Klemens von Metternich, the actual political leader of Austria. May 15, 1773 age 86 Koblenz, Germany His marriage in 1795 to Eleonore von Kaunitz gave him access to the highest social and political circles in the Austrian Empire. Veuf en 1825, le prince de Metternich épouse en 1827 Marie-Antoinette de Leykam, une femme issue de la petite noblesse, ce qui fait jaser la cour autrichienne et les cours européennes. He was also an author on questions of and. Siemann draws on previously unexamined archives to bring this multilayered and dazzling man to life.

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Prince Klemens von Metternich: Biography, Ideology, Legacy

metternich biographie

In April of 1809, he appealed to the French emperor's vanity and cemented a temporary French-Austrian alliance by marrying Napoleon to Marie Louise, daughter of the Austrian emperor Francis I. Yet every obscure journalist claims this value for his own products. Les Metternich s'installent peu après dans le , à Vienne, et fréquentent la Cour. Pour les articles homonymes, voir. Despite and resistance, Metternich at the two succeeding congresses successfully carried his proposition to intervene in behalf of the Italian states, which were threatened and hard pressed by the revolution.

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